Colonoscopy is the visual examination of the large intestine (the colon) using a lighted, flexible fiberoptic or video endoscope.  The colon begins in the right-lower abdomen and looks like a big question mark as it moves up and around the abdomen, ending in the rectum.  It is 5 to 6 feet long.  The colon has a number of functions including withdrawing water from the liquid stool that enters it so that a formed stool is produced.